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In the midst of the second deadliest outbreak of the Ebola virus, there could be a light at the end of the tunnel.
First, here's what's been going on.
An Ebola outbreak was declared last summer in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
That's where the disease was first identified in 1976.
And the outbreak that started last year was at least the 10th one since then in the DRC.
One year later, more than 2,700 people in all have been infected and more than half of them have died.
There's no cure for Ebola.
The virus' symptoms usually include fever, body aches, stomach pain, vomiting and bleeding.
And without extensive protective gear, anyone in close contact with someone who's infected is at risk.
So what's this silver lining?
There are two new medical treatments available to Ebola patients and some doctors say they're highly effective.
On average, Ebola kills half the people it infects.
But among 500 Ebola patients who received the new drug treatments, the death rate was between 29 % and 34%.
And the news gets better.
For patients who were treated early enough with these drugs, researchers say the death rate drops to between 6% and 11%.
So scientists believe the drugs show a lot of promise in moving toward a cure.
Over the past four decades, the Ebola virus has devastated communities and fueled fear across central and western Africa.
在第二大致命埃博拉疫情爆发期间,黑暗中出现了一线光明。
首先,我们来解释一下目前的情况。
去年夏天,刚果民主共和国宣布爆发埃博拉疫情。
刚果也是1976年首次发现埃博拉疫情的地方。
去年夏天爆发的埃博拉疫情至少是1976年以来刚果爆发的第10次疫情。
疫情爆发一年之后,一共有超过2700人感染,半数以上感染者死亡。
埃博拉无法治愈。
这种病毒的症状包括发烧、身体疼痛、腹痛、呕吐和出血。
如果没有严密防护装备的保护,任何与埃博拉感染者密切接触的人都会面临感染风险。
那希望在哪里?
现在有两种可提供给埃博拉患者的新型治疗方法,一些医生称这两种方法非常有效。
平均来说,埃博拉感染者的死亡率为50%。
而接受新型药物治疗的500名埃博拉患者,死亡率在29%至34%之间。
形势不断好转。
研究人员表示,对及早接受这些药物治疗的患者来说,死亡率降至6%至11%。
因此,科学家认为这些药物表明存在治愈的希望。
过去四十年来,埃博拉病毒摧毁了多个社区,同时加剧了中西非地区的担忧。
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